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Teaching the power of black self-love

LOVE-IN: Students took part in a photoshoot as part of the course’s final presentation (photo credit: Aiyanna Sanders)

WHEN MCKAYLA Williams enrolled in The Power of Black Self-Love, a new course offered by Emory University in Georgia, United States (US), her interest was both academic and personal.

Growing up on the west coast of America, her schools, her neighbourhood and her parents’ friends and colleagues were predominantly white. Williams, who is black, felt the push to assimilate. Her black identity was rooted mostly in church and family.

Through the course, she found herself reflecting on her journey towards identity.

“Currently, my greatest obstacle to self-love is the ‘policing’ of blackness and the black experience,” acknowledges Williams, a first-year student majoring in neuroscience and behavioural biology.

By examining cultural expectations of how black people are expected to think and act, Williams realised that some of those expectations rose from within herself. She also found assumptions made about the black experience within both black and non-black communities, from stereotypes around natural athleticism and how to look or speak to assumed preferences for certain kinds of music.

SHARING: Morgan Mitchell, one of the students during final presentations (photo credit: Emory University)
Through the class, offered by Emory’s Interdisciplinary Exploration and Scholarship (IDEAS) programme, Williams has felt her thinking challenged and expanded.

She’s also embraced the chance to engage in her own research interviewing other students about how they’ve experienced the “policing” of blackness while also exploring “things that black people love about themselves”.

Earlier this month, Williams and her fellow classmates shared final presentations, with projects that ranged from the power of social media in supporting black identity to how black self-love has been defined by various African cultures and promoted in popular music throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. Her conclusion?

“Black people are more than the expectations that are put on them,” she says.

“It was awesome to hear people celebrate that.”

To white Americans, the need to examine and affirm black self-love may seem a difficult concept. Many may ask: ‘Shouldn’t that be a given?’, but for black Americans, it is a complicated topic of timely urgency for each generation — one shaped by historical forces and infused with the tragedy and beauty that characterise the collective soul-life of black people, says Dianne Stewart, an associate professor of religion and African-American studies, who is co-teaching The Power of Black Self-Love course.

TEACHING AND LEARNING: Professor Dianne Stewart (photo credit: Emory University)

Created by Stewart and Donna Troka, Adjunct Assistant Professor in Emory’s Institute for the Liberal Arts and associate director for the Center for Faculty Development and Excellence, the class was designed to explore overlapping areas of two courses: Black Love, taught by Stewart, and Resisting Racism: From Civil Rights to Black Lives Matter, taught by Troka.

The resulting “sidecar” course, The Power of Black Self-Love, drew students from both classes, who studied theories of black love and the histories of black social movements. For final research projects, they were asked to demonstrate ways that black self-love can serve as an act of resistance, embodying transformative power.

Through the class, students were offered an invitation to dig deeper, investigating the topic through their own research and delving into the world of public scholarship through a very personal lens. Class discussions have explored topics such as the influence of 'black Twitter' over the past decade, the impact of social media on the Black Lives Matter movement, and the phenomenon of #BlackGirlMagic, a trending hashtag used to celebrate the empowerment of black women.


Stewart’s original Black Love class is rooted in long-standing social, cultural and political realities, touching upon slavery, sharecropping, segregation, the US penal system and prison industrial complex, the development of the welfare system and its impact upon black families and how those impediments have affected the rates of romantic coupling and marriage among blacks and by extension the wealth gap between blacks and whites in America.

MOVEMENT: Students discussed how civil rights groups have impacted them

“So many of these issues compel an exploration of black people’s history with love and lovelessness in North America,” Stewart says.

“The challenges racial justice activists confront today mirror the obstacles activists faced during the US civil rights movement and earlier periods.”

Across such movements, the emphasis on love, or the lack thereof, deserves interrogation and reflection.

“As I tell my students, a lot of people in my field who work on black religious thought don’t give a lot of attention to love,” she says.

“I thought that at a time when the humanities at many universities are being required to prove their worth, to return to an examination of love would be an important exercise — particularly love and the African-American experience.”

Her hunch was right. When Stewart listed the class this autumn for the first time since 2004, some 80 students enrolled. The idea for the new course came to Troka as she was teaching the Resisting Racism course.

“We were talking about the Black Lives Matter movement — what it means to assert your own humanity, to love oneself as a black person in today’s society — when a student began telling me about Dianne’s Black Love class,” Troka recalls.

When Troka reached out to suggest co-teaching The Power of Black Self-Love, Stewart was open to the idea of academic cross-pollination. They quickly realised that students from both of their classes were interested in a deeper exploration of the topic, too.

Among those enrolled in the course, one student is Afro-Latina, one is white, one is from Central America (El Salvador) and seven are black.

“These are some amazingly sharp students who have engaged in difficult — and sometimes vulnerable — conversations,” says Troka.

“Many have had to learn to negotiate environments that were sometimes overtly, sometimes covertly against them and are now thinking about it theoretically, culturally and personally.”

On the day of final student research presentations, intended to articulate the power of black self love, the reports are probing and personal. In addition to Williams’ work on the policing of blackness, the student projects included the following:

• Aiyanna Sanders, a sophomore in political science and African-American studies, presented a photo exhibit that explored what Black Girl Magic looks like on the Emory campus.

• Gretel Nabeta, a junior in interdisciplinary studies and film who is from Uganda, drew from interviews with Emory students from west and east Africa to examine how African cultures influence and promote self-love and the empowerment of women.

• Nellie Hernandez, a junior in media studies and African-American studies, created a video about the power of social media in the lives of black youth to bring awareness to diversity issues and create community.

• River Bunkley, a junior majoring in African-American studies and political science, presented a personal perspective on black masculinity, self-love and the cultural importance of hair care.

• Amanda Obando, a second-year student majoring in interdisciplinary studies, presented research on the sense of sisterhood and support created through Ngambika, an all-female step dance organisation for first-year students at Emory.

• Shameya Pennell, a senior majoring in religion and anthropology, examined the music of three sociopolitical movements in black American history to analyse how self-love and affirmation are expressed.

• Julia Feldman, a second year student majoring in women’s, gender and sexuality studies, drew from the poetry, prose and bio-mythography of black feminist poet Audre Lorde to create a short play that explores her life, love and commitment to justice.

• Lynette Dixon, a senior majoring in women’s, gender and sexuality studies and political science, kept a journal of personal reflection on self-love and examined the theme of how suicide indicates a failure of self-love or the supreme act of self-love.

• Morgan Mitchell, majoring in interdisciplinary studies, explored ways in which she learned and is learning to love herself through self-care.

For Stewart and Troka, part of the pleasure of co-teaching the class has been learning from one another and from the students.

“I don’t know if I would have ever had the chance to teach with Dianne otherwise,” Troka says.

“At times, I feel I learned more than I taught.” Stewart concurs.

“I’ve never done anything like this before,” she says.

“It’s been so rewarding, such a powerful experience.

“Rich conversations have emerged, and I really learned a lot about where students are and how much critical, revolutionary conversation is happening within social media around the topic of black self-love.”

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